Theory of Samaj; Citizenship; and Market

“Economists have only interpreted Property, in various ways. 
The point, however, is the utilisation - Progressive Utilisation.” 

The Agricultural age, commencing around Ten thousand years ago, afforded the support to leisured classes for the birth of various civilizations. The industrial age began with the invention of the steam engine less than three hundred years ago. Intellectuality has grown in leaps and bounds, bringing us to the threshold of Artificial Intelligence' - exceeding the processing power of a human brain, and shortly, even the combined processing power of entire humanity, connected as never before in history.

Property and Borders:

Today, the Propreitarian economies' - Private, State and their Hybrid sectors, and politics of Borders in governance, are challenged, as never before. The necessity to cultivate, Neo-humanist approach, to economy and politics, is increasingly being felt. Economists have only interpreted Property, in various ways. The point, however, is the utilization - Progressive Utilisation. That is, progressive utilization of, all kinds of resources' - material, intellectual spiritual, for the welfare of human society. Further, the pandemic, climate change, nuclear war and technology disruption, respect no Borders, predicating, world governance structure.

Cosmic Inheritance:

Prout asserts that all living beings, animate and inanimate, as the progeny of singular Progenitor. Hence, all have the all-important Right to utilize and share, but not hoard or abuse, the universe's resources as the cosmic inheritance. The concept and practice of privileging user-ship over ownership of finite physical resources is the fundamental principle for maximum and progressive utilization, and rational distribution, of all available resources, for the welfare of all living beings. Thus, the misuse and disuse of available resources is anti-social behaviour. Underlying the principle recognizes that the hoarding or abuse of the finite physical resources would deprive or diminish opportunities for others. Thus, Prout legislates for the social intervention of a ceiling on the accumulation of material wealth. The principle applies only to the accumulation of available physical wealth, and whereas, in the realms of infinite metaphysical (Intellectual/cultural) and spirituality, humans enjoy complete freedom without any restrictions.


The accumulation of wealth and the resultant staticity in the Utilization of available resources drive up inequality in society. The staticity of resources is due t the defective theories of sanctity attached to unrestricted private ownership and wealth inheritance, and similarly, to State ownership, under Communism. In either case, it is a myth or dogma. No one brings anything with him at the time of birth, nor takes away anything with him at death. This dogma of Property has resulted in considerable poverty amidst opulence in wealthy capitalist and underdeveloped, and even resource-rich countries.  Sharing Commons and Cooperative approach, viable and practical, for the welfare of all, is ignored and tarnished, on account of the predominance of the Acquisitive (vaeshyan Era) psychology, in society.

Samaj: Re-Districting the World

“Samaj is not a mere slice of the biosphere but organic entity of living history of beautiful 
multi-dimensional culture, at once unique as well as universai.”

The design of the socio-economy should guarantee equal opportunity legislation, and Institutions should help so that every individual and community are empowered to realize the human' - physical, psychic and spiritual; as well as, the Common material, metaphysical [linguistic, cultural] potentials, of a bioregion or Samaj. Prout advocates, governance structure of self-reliant, socio-economic units or Samajas.  A Samaj is configured, to optimize socio-economic and positive sentimental energy of the Samaj, for equitable development' - unencumbered by trans-samaj imperialism and exploitation; and globally, federal, representative bi-cameral, world governance structure to resolve, planetary issues.

The socio-economic groupification or Samajas "should be formed on the basis of factors like common economic problems, uniform economic resources and potentialities, ethnic similarities, common geographical features, and the sentimental legacy of the people, which arises out of common socio-cultural ties like language, cultural traits, etc," (Shri P R Sarkar). Samaj is not a mere slice of the biosphere but an organic entity of living history of beautiful multi-dimensional culture, at once unique as well as universal. As a natural configuration of all inherent physical and metaphysical potentials, Samaj will optimize the socio-economic and sentimental energy, of the individual and society, for the welfare of all. Prout envisages 44 Samajas for India (Annexure) and 200 more of the rest of the world, also famous as bioregions.


Samaj is strategic - not set in stone. When contiguous samajas reach a level of parity, and issues of imperial impulses, of stronger Samaj, exploiting the weaker Samaj become redundant, they will merge as one unit. Progressively, the process will accelerate, and entire human society will journey, in the future, from Samajas to Nations to Continents to One world.

Path of Bliss:

The Matter and Idea are metamorphosed expressions [sagun brahma], of the non-qualified consciousness [nirgun brahma], which is pure bliss or Ananda. Humans with a developed mind seek infinite happiness, unlike the rest of the species, in the biosphere. The failure of the materialist design of economy and society is in the inability in recognizing invariable satisfaction of the basic essential needs of all.  Individuals and society should cultivate and seek infinite happiness in the subtler psychic and spiritual realms [culture, sport, meditation and mysticism], which are unlimited. It is the only approach that will usher in conflict-free communities by providing infinite sustenance to individuals and community for their fulfilment and happiness, that is, Asti [existence], Bhati [expansion] and Anandam [bliss].
Dual Citizenship: Local & Global

 "Hararme Pita; Gaori Mata 
     Swadesha Bhuvana Trayam" 

Hara is the father, Gauri (Prakriti) is the mother and the universe of three worlds' - Physical, Psychic and spiritual, is our motherland. Prout offers, humans, dual citizenship, that is, global citizenship, relative to the infinite psychic/cultural and spiritual resources and another, that is, the samaj citizenship of privilege over finite, physical and metaphysical (linguistic and cultural) resources, in the Samaj of his option or nativity. None will be tagged as a foreigner as Global citizenship is a universal fundamental Right.
An individual who merges his economic interests with the economic interests of the Samaj or bioregion qualifies for citizenship rights, in the said Samaj, without any discrimination. In other words, in the material or physical realm of finite resources, while there is a regulation on an accumulation of wealth, to not deprive others of opportunities, there will be complete, unrestricted freedom, in the realms of infinite resources' - psychic and spiritual.

New Economy of 21st Century:

"Prout challenges the current corporatist model, focusing instead on the cooperative model (along with private and small scale enterprises and state-run public utilities). A Proutist society provides a safety net, with incentives for enterprise volunteerism and innovation. Wealth increases are linked, so that the minimum rises with the maximum ... Prout seeks a third way, progressing beyond communist and capitalist models of ownership and resolving the dichotomy of global and local. In this schema economic units [samajas] are in the first place local but, of course, become increasingly global…" [Sohail Inayatullah: Prout in Power].


Towards Self-Reliant Samajas:

The de-globalization of the economy that began with the 2008 recession is moving from global to national, regional, local, and virtual. Trade as % of global GDP rose from 30 in 1970 to 60 in 2008, marking the period of globalization; de-globalization, which set in from 2008, saw Trade decline to 53% by 2020. Post-covid, the trend will be amplified. Food trade suspension by Russia, Kazakhstan, Vietnam, Ukraine and India, indicate the reversal of the movement of global interdependence to national self-reliance or food nationalism. Prout stands for food-samajism, followed by food-nationalism.


The recent three Farm Bills are standard recommendations of the World Bank/IMF. Earlier, many countries, especially China, enormously benefited from globalization from the 1970s' to 2008, when it came to an end. When the de-globalization has set in, these Farm Bills are late by five decades for India and have come with the expiry year of 2008. There are no two opinions about the need for Farm sector Reforms. Prout's view is that each Samaj should follow the principle and plan of local Production for local consumption. There will be large-scale cooperatives for everything from inputs, operations, processing, storage and marketing of agricultural produce within the fenced-in Samaj. Each Samaj deserves its own Food Corporation. The Reforms would address the issues of Atmanirbhar Samaj, in the first place, as they are the building blocks of, self-reliant national economy. Otherwise, it is a recipe for trans-samaj exploitation, driven by corporate greed and their grip over the State.

One Samaj - One Market:

Prout advocates, worker and farmer-managed cooperatives as the default and chief principle for the organization of enterprises. It is in the spirit of 'coordinated - cooperation as against the 'subordinated - cooperation'. This power shift to elected members of workers and farmers will reconfigure the 21st-century economy for wholesome employment and life. Prout is a planned economy, and economic planning is part of the planned economy.  Consumption drives Production, not profit. Each Samaj, relative to its physical resources and wealth, will be insulated from the exploitative transfer of wealth out of the Samaj. Primarily, local Production is for local consumption. After satisfying local needs, any surplus is not traded but bartered for goods not available locally.
To ensure the integrity of a samaj's symbiotic and circular economy and monitor leakage of wealth, each Samaj will have a distinct Cryptocurrency and a Central federal cooperative bank to manage the branches and their operations. Production will be close to the source of raw materials. Only processed goods declared as surplus is for barter with other samajas. It will ensure increasing purchasing capacity and employment within a samaj. Thus, One Bioregion - One Market, that is, Ek Samaj - Ek Bazaar, would pave the way to self-reliant samajas in each country and the welfare of all living beings on Earth.

  Localise The Economy; Globalise Humanity

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Annexure

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               Author: G Surender Reddy
E mail : reddy.gsurender@gmail.com


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